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Pregnancy is an exciting time filled with anticipation, but it also comes with its own set of health challenges, one of which is an increased risk of gum disease. At Sweet Water Dentistry in Fairhope, AL, Dr. Phillip N. Greer, D.D.S., and his compassionate team are dedicated to ensuring you maintain optimal oral health during this important period. By providing comprehensive dental checkups and personalized care, we help expecting mothers like you reduce the risk of gum disease. It’s crucial to stay on top of your dental hygiene routine, including regular brushing, flossing, and professional cleanings, to safeguard your smile and overall wellbeing. We’re here to support you every step of the way, warmly welcoming you to our dental family with open arms. Visit us at Sweet Water Dentistry to experience the kind, gentle care you deserve.
Have you ever wondered what extra steps you might need to take to care for your gums during pregnancy? It’s a common concern for many expecting mothers, and surprisingly important for both your health and your baby’s well-being.

Pregnancy can be a beautiful yet overwhelming time, and we know you’re focused on keeping both yourself and your baby healthy. One area that is often overlooked is dental care, specifically how to reduce the risk of gum disease during pregnancy. Here, we’ll discuss everything you need to know about keeping your gums healthy when you’re expecting.

How Can I Reduce The Risk Of Gum Disease During Pregnancy?

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Understanding Gum Disease During Pregnancy

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common but serious condition that affects the gums and bones supporting your teeth. It starts with bacterial growth in your mouth and can end — if not properly treated — with tooth loss due to the destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth.

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Why is Gum Disease a Concern During Pregnancy?

Pregnancy brings about a multitude of hormonal changes, which can have a considerable impact on your oral health. These hormonal fluctuations can make your gums more susceptible to plaque, leading to gingivitis — the earliest stage of gum disease. Left untreated, gingivitis can develop into more serious forms of periodontal disease.

Potential Risks for Your Baby

Untreated gum disease during pregnancy isn’t just a problem for you; it can also affect your baby. Research has shown an association between gum disease and premature birth, low birth weight, and even developmental problems. Therefore, maintaining good oral health becomes crucial not just for you but also for your baby’s well-being.

Symptoms to Look Out For

Red, Swollen Gums

One of the most common symptoms of gum disease is red, swollen gums. You might notice this when you brush or floss, and it can often be accompanied by pain.

Bleeding Gums

If you notice bleeding gums while brushing or flossing, it’s a sign that your gums are inflamed and could be a symptom of gingivitis. It’s crucial to address this early to prevent more severe forms of gum disease.

Persistent Bad Breath

Bad breath that doesn’t go away even after brushing and using mouthwash can indicate gum disease. This is usually due to a buildup of bacteria in your mouth.

Loose Teeth

As gum disease progresses, it can eventually impact the bones that support your teeth, causing them to become loose. If you notice any changes in how your teeth fit together when you bite, it’s time to consult your dentist.

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Preventive Measures

Now that we know what to look out for, let’s focus on how you can prevent gum disease during pregnancy.

Maintain Good Oral Hygiene

Brushing Technique

Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste to brush your teeth at least twice a day. Make sure to brush gently along the gumline to remove plaque and food particles.

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Floss daily to remove plaque and food particles that your toothbrush can’t reach. This is crucial for keeping your gums healthy.

Use Mouthwash

An antimicrobial mouthwash can help reduce the bacteria in your mouth, providing an added layer of protection against gum disease.

Regular Dental Check-ups

Visit Your Dentist

Scheduling regular dental check-ups is essential. Let your dentist know that you’re pregnant so they can provide care tailored to your specific needs.

Professional Cleanings

Professional cleanings can help remove plaque and tartar which regular brushing and flossing can’t address. This will significantly reduce your risk of developing gum disease.

Nutritional Choices

A Balanced Diet

A balanced diet not only nurtures your baby but also keeps your gums healthy. Make sure to include foods rich in vitamins and minerals, particularly Vitamin C and Calcium.

Limit Sugary Foods

Excessive sugar can lead to plaque buildup, which can worsen gum disease. Try to limit your intake of sugary snacks and drinks.


Keeping hydrated by drinking plenty of water can help wash away food particles and bacteria from your mouth, reducing the risk of gum disease.

Avoid Tobacco and Alcohol

Both tobacco and alcohol can exacerbate gum disease and negatively impact your baby’s health. It’s best to avoid these altogether during pregnancy.

Hormonal Adjustments

Understanding that pregnancy hormones can impact your gums can help you be more vigilant. Always inform your dentist how far along you are in your pregnancy so they can consider this in your dental care plan.

Stress Management

Stress can lower your immune response, making you more susceptible to infections like gum disease. Practice stress management techniques such as yoga, meditation, or deep-breathing exercises.

Treatment Options

If preventive measures aren’t enough and you find yourself dealing with gum disease, there are safe treatment options available during pregnancy.

Scaling and Root Planing

For more severe cases, your dentist might recommend deep cleaning procedures like scaling and root planing to remove plaque and tartar below the gumline.


There are safe, dentist-prescribed antimicrobial mouth rinses and other medications that can help manage gum disease during pregnancy.

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Regular Monitoring

If you have gum disease, it’s essential to have more frequent dental check-ups to monitor the condition and make sure it doesn’t worsen.

Home Remedies

While not a replacement for professional help, some home remedies like rinsing your mouth with warm salt water can help reduce inflammation and bacteria levels.

How Can I Reduce The Risk Of Gum Disease During Pregnancy?


Can I Have Dental Procedures Done While Pregnant?

Yes, many dental procedures are safe during pregnancy, but always consult your dentist and OB-GYN to make an informed decision.

Is it Safe to Use Mouthwash During Pregnancy?

Most over-the-counter mouthwashes are safe to use during pregnancy, but avoid those with high alcohol content. Consult your dentist for recommendations.

How Do Pregnancy Hormones Affect My Gums?

Pregnancy hormones can increase blood flow to your gums, making them swell and bleed more easily. They also make it easier for plaque to build up, which can lead to gum disease.

Will My Gum Disease Affect My Baby?

Untreated gum disease has been linked to premature birth and low birth weight. It’s crucial to manage gum disease effectively to ensure the health of both you and your baby.

Are Natural Remedies Effective?

While natural remedies can help alleviate mild symptoms, they shouldn’t replace professional dental care. Always consult your dentist before trying any home remedies.

When to See Your Dentist

Being vigilant about your oral health is crucial during pregnancy. If you experience any symptoms of gum disease such as persistent bad breath, swollen gums, or bleeding gums, it’s essential to see your dentist as soon as possible.


Taking care of your gums during pregnancy might seem like just another thing on an already long list of things to think about, but it’s an essential part of maintaining your overall health and the health of your baby. By understanding the risks, recognizing the symptoms, and taking preventive measures, you can significantly reduce the risk of gum disease during this crucial time.

And remember, you’re not alone in this journey. We at Sweet Water Dentistry are here to support you every step of the way. Our team, including Dr. Phillip N. Greer, D.D.S., is committed to providing excellent dental care in a welcoming and relaxing environment. Whether you’re new to the area or just looking for a trustworthy dental practice, we invite you to become a part of our dental family.

Feel free to reach out to us at Sweet Water Dentistry for any of your dental care needs. We’re located at:

Sweet Water Dentistry
5915 Sweetwater Cir
Fairhope, AL 36532
(251) 210-2773

We accept most insurance plans — just give us a call to find out more. We look forward to helping you maintain optimal oral health during your pregnancy and beyond.

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